Glossary terms beginning with O

Oil Trading

The buying/selling of oil either by buying the underlying asset or by purchasing futures, options or ETF’s. Oil is traded as an energy resource essential for the worlds day to day running , it is also traded by speculators who take advantage of the changes in the supply and demand chain to make profits

Online Trading

The act of placing buy/sell orders for financial securities and/or currencies with the use of a brokerage's internet-based proprietary trading platforms. The use of online trading increased dramatically in the mid- to late-'90s with the introduction of affordable high-speed computers and internet connections.
Stocks, bonds, options, futures and currencies can all be traded online

Opening Price

The price at which a security first trades upon the opening of an exchange on a given trading day

Open position

An active trade with corresponding unrealized P&L, which has not been offset by an equal and opposite deal


A derivative which gives the right, but not the obligation, to buy or sell a product at a specific price before a specified date


The instruction, by a customer to a brokerage, for the purchase or sale of a security with specific conditions

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